Diagnosis and Treatment of Ankylosing Spondylitis

How is it diagnosed? Ankylosing spondylitis is diagnosed starting with a thorough history, asking about symptoms and risk factors discussed in previous sections. A detailed exam is necessary to find any kind of inflammatory back signs, peripheral arthritis, or extra-articular manifestations. Certain maneuvers and measurements should be performed in the office. Below are just a […]

Signs and Symptoms of Ankylosing Spondylitis

What are the symptoms of Ankylosing Spondylitis? AS is characterized mainly by inflammatory back pain (described below). Inflammation can occur in several areas, leading to pain and stiffness. These include: Sacroiliac and spinal joints Hip and shoulder joints “Peripheral” arthritis: smaller joint such as the hands, wrists, elbows, knees, and feet Joints involving the ribs, […]

Ankylosing Spondylitis

What is Spondyloarthritis? Spondyloarthropathies (or Spondyloarthritis) are a family of inflammatory disease that cause arthritis, and are different than other inflammatory arthritides because the can affect the spine and soft tissues such as tendons and ligaments (known as enthesitis). The 4 main spondyloarthropathies are ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, and enteropathic arthritis associated with […]

Is Your Diet Causing Inflammation?

Is Your Diet Causing Inflammation? You might not know it, but inflammation plays a big role in our daily lives. Inflammation is essentially your body’s protective response to a stressor or harmful stimulus. These include bacteria, viruses, toxins, irritants, and physical trauma that cause cell damage. Our body uses inflammation as a way to eliminate […]

Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Polymyalgia Rheumatica What is it? Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR) is a relatively common inflammatory condition that causes aching pain and stiffness in the shoulders, hips, neck, and back. The term “polymyalgia” means many muscle pains. Who gets it?There are certain risk factors that make PMR more likely Age:– This condition is almost only seen in people […]

Ways to decrease thumb pain

Thumb spica splint

What causes thumb pain? The most common causes of thumb pain are arthritis and tendonitis. De Quervain’s tendonitis is caused by the inflammation of the two tendons that extend the thumb (move the thumb up, as in hitchhiking). Arthritis of the base of the thumb joint is one of the most common and early forms […]

Osteoarthritis Treatment- From Diet to Surgery!

Osteoarthritis Treatment- One problem, many solutions There is no cure for osteoarthritis. Symptoms of arthritis can gradually worsen over time as we age. However, there are multiple treatment options that can reduce pain, increase mobility, and possibly slow the progression of the disease. There is no one osteoarthritis treatment regimen that works for everyone. Treatment […]

Osteoarthritis- diagnosis

How is osteoarthritis diagnosed? Osteoarthritis is diagnosed with a combination of medical history, physical exam, xrays, labs, and possibly other tests. Medical history There are several “clues” a physician looks for in differentiating osteoarthritis from other types of arthritis. For example, in osteoarthritis, the pain usually comes on over time, it is worse at night […]

Osteoarthritis- The most common type of arthritis

What is osteoarthritis? Of the 100-or-so types of arthritis that can affect us, osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type. OA is caused by “wear and tear” on the joints over time. Much like the tires on a car, the cartilage between joints, which provides cushioning to the joint, wears down over time and with […]

Safety of Biologic Drugs In Rheumatology

Safety of biologic drugs Biologic drugs have recently revolutionized the treatment of many rheumatologic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and psoriatic arthritis, to name a few. These powerful agents function by targeting a specific component of the immune system thought to be crucial in causing inflammation. Specifically, TNF inhibitors (Humira, Enbrel, Remicade, Cimzia and […]